Cornwall and Devon Mines

Bedford United Mine, Devon

Bedford United Mine, Devon Bedford United mine is situated on the eastern bank of the river Tamar, just off of the main Gunnislake to Tavistock road. Bedford United Mine, Tavistock Hamlets produced other copper arsenate minerals such as Clinoclase and Olivenit. The Tavistock Canal was a prime energy source for mines such as Bedford United...

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Bissoe Arsenic Works, Cornwall

In the early 19th century Cornwall pioneered the production of arsenic as a by-product of tin and copper mining. The first commercial British arsenic was produced at Perran-ar-Worthal in 1812, followed by a works at Bissoe in the Carnon Valley. Its main market was the expanding Lancashire cotton industry which used arsenic in pigments and...

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Carnmenellis Cornwall Mines

The parish of Carnmenellis was created by Act of Parliament, and was gazetted on 9th January 1846. It was created from part of Wendron parish to meet the requirements of increasing population. The the parish is named after the Cornish for a rocky hill 'Carn' plus an unknown word. The hill rises to an altitude...

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Devon Great Consols Mine

Devon Great Consols, Tavistock District, includes the mines of Wheal Maria, Wheal Fanny, Wheal Anna Maria, Wheal Josiah, Wheal Emma, which lie from west to east along the main lode and were the main sources of copper then arsenic in the later days as copper ran out. Wheal Frementor, Watson's Mine and Bedford United Mine...

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Gawton Mine, Devon

Gawton Mine, Tavistock Hamlets, mined tin, copper and arsenic. Last active in 1926 when copper was precipitated from the run off from the dumps. Ref: Richardson P.H.G. (1991) Mines of Dartmoor & the Taymar Valley after 1913, Devon Books, Tiverton. Its main working was from 1845 to 1887 Today there remains a crooked chimney on...

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George & Charlotte Mine, Devon

The George & Charlotte Mine is close to Morwellham Quay. The William & Mary Mine (Devon & Cornwall United Mines) mine lies on the eastern extension of the lode worked in George & Charlotte mine. About 100 fathoms of untried ground separates the 2 mines. Output 1852-69 16,595 tons copper ore and 110 tons of...

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Kenidjack Mills, St Just Cornwall

Kenidjack Valley. Streams are rare in the district and when there is one, as in the Kenidjack Valley, it attracts a concentration of industry. The mines have to be where there is ore, but the service industries needed to be where there was power. Kenidjack Valley Mines o Boscean Mine (Lower Boscean Mine) o Boswedden...

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Porkellis Moor Mines, Cornwall

Porkellis Moor has had mining for hundreds of years. It is classic granite country, yielding relatively shallow tin lodes. It was mostly restricted to the area around Porkellis and Wendron. There is also evidence for alluvial tin mining in the valley basins. Flooded pits (hatches), industrial watercourses (leats) and waterwheel pits are prominent features Porkellis...

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Wheal Anna Maria Mine, Devon

The works at Wheal Anna Maria (part of Devon Great Consols) covered 3.2 hectares and had over 6,850 cubic metres of arsenic flues. Tamar Valley Mining  

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Wheal Crebor Mine, Devon

1811 Wheal Crebor produced 1308 tons copper. The Tavistock Canal Company gained permission from the land owner, the Duke of Bedford, to mine any minerals found while cutting the canal and soon after starting the tunnel the company struck copper. John Taylor opened up Wheal Crebor mine in true pioneering fashion. It was run by...

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Wheal Josiah Mine

Wheal Josiah (part of Devon Great Consols) is located just below the cottages of the same name and to the east of the chimney. There are extensive rock dumps with plenty of arsenopyrite (massive form) and siderite (1mm orange/brown crystals in vugs). This was the location of the deepest shaft on the sett, sunk at...

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Wheal Maria Mine, Devon

At the western end of the lode where it was only 100ft or so below surface. There are extensive tips of crushed killas with a high arsenic content. 1844, the phenomenally-rich Wheal Maria was discovered. From then until 1920 Wheal Maria produced copper, lead and arsenic. It was part of the Devon Great Consuls mine...

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